Amid growing fears following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, it is important to be aware of the consequences of dangerous weapons – here’s how to prepare for nuclear war and what to do if there is an attack.

Putin putting his country’s nuclear forces on special alert (BBC) has been condemned by world leaders and people are now worried about the possibility of a devastating Third World War.

How to prepare for a nuclear war

A nuclear weapon is a device that uses a nuclear reaction to cause an explosion.

According to Ready.gov, here are the steps you need to follow in case of a nuclear war.

  • Identify shelter locations: The best option would be underground or in the middle of a large building.
  • Keep an emergency kit with you in any situation. It should include basic necessities such as a water bottle, packaged food, emergency medicines, sanitizers, battery-powered radio, and flashlight.
  • Keep yourself posted with the latest instructions from emergency response officials. Knowledge of routes, shelters, and procedures is extremely important.
  • Make sure your pets are with you.

Things to do in case of an attack

In case of a nuclear attack, here’s how you need to respond:

If you’re outside when the detonation takes place, find cover behind anything that offers protection. Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, and lie face down to minimize the impact on exposed skin.

If you are in a vehicle at the time of the nuclear blast, duck down within the vehicle.

Move indoors once the shock wave passes – this needs to be done within ten minutes.

Maintain social distancing from others, preferably six feet. Have a mask on if you’re sheltering with people outside your household.

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Do this if you’re exposed to radiation

What you do after a nuclear attack is as important as the preparation prior.

You need to remove the outer layer of your clothing to get rid of the radiation you’re exposed to.

Wash the fallout off your skin and hair using soap or plain water. Even a wet wipe or clean wet cloth can be used.

Do not consume any food or water that was left uncovered and exposed to radiation. Packaged food from inside the building is recommended.