7 of America's longest-serving Presidents

circa 1890:  Grover Cleveland (1837 - 1908), twenty-second and twenty-fourth president of the United States of America.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt - 4,422 days

Roosevelt (FDR) is America's longest serving president, having served from 1933 until his death in 1945 as a Democrat. After defeating Republican Herbert Hoover in the 1932 election, FDR preceded over executive orders that instituted the New Deal following the Great Depression of 1929. This consisted of a variety of programmes designed to provide relief to farmers and recovery through the National Recovery Administration. He provided reform by ending the prohibition of alcohol. Many of his programmes such as  Social Security and the National Labor Relations Act remain to this day.

Following his successful re-election in 1940, America entered the Second World War against Germany, Italy and Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941. Roosevelt declared it a date 'that will live in infamy. Roosevelt worked closely with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin to defeat the Axis Powers. Roosevelt died aged just 63 in April 1945, following his 1944 re-election, but he helped lay the foundations for the United Nations.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882 - 1945) the 32nd President of the United States from 1933-45. A Democrat, he led his country through the depression of the 1930's and  World War II, and was...Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882 - 1945) the 32nd President of the United States from 1933-45. A Democrat, he led his country through the depression of the 1930's and World War II, and was...

George W. Bush 2,922 days

George W. Bush won a heated 2000 election against then Preseident Clinton's vice president, Al Gore, that ended in controversy Florida. Bush responded to the 9/11 attacks of 2001 on the World Trade Center with the War on Terror. This started with an invasion of Afghanistan to capture bin Laden and liberate the country from the Taliban regime which assisted him. The war continued with the invasion of Iraq in 2003 that led to the capture and death of Saddam Hussein.

Domestically, Bush legislated tax cuts in 2001 and 2003, the Patriot Act that strengthened national security following 9/11, the No Child Left Behind Act that established goals to improve individual education outcomes, expanded Medicare prescription drug benefits for senior citizens and funded the AIDS relief programme called PEPFAR.

After defeating Democrat John Kerry in 2004, Bush was criticised for his handling of the Iraq War and Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana during 2005. The Democrats regained control of Congress in 2006. In December 2007, the US entered the worst recession since the Great Depression, often dubbed as the 'Great Recession.' Bush implemented economic recovery programmes designed to preserve the country's financial system, including bailouts and a financial stimulus.

Former President George W. Bush and his wife Laura watch as the honor guard passes after loading the casket of President George H.W. Bush into a hearse outside St. Martin's Episcopal...Former President George W. Bush and his wife Laura watch as the honor guard passes after loading the casket of President George H.W. Bush into a hearse outside St. Martin's Episcopal...

Grover Cleveland 2,922 days 

Grover Cleveland is unique among American presidents, having served as the country's 22nd and 24th president. Cleveland came from the Bourbon wing of the Democrats, who opposed high tariffs and subsidies for businesses. This drew substantial support from the 'Mugwumps' wing of the Republicans, who shared his beliefs, and helped him win the 1884 election. Cleveland also won the popular vote in the 1888 general election, but lost the Electoral College to Republican Benjamin Harrison. 

Following his re-election in 1892, Cleveland's administration was plagued by the Panic of 1893, which triggered a national depression. He was unable to reverse it, causing the Republicans to storm Congress in 1894. The silverite wing of the Democrats then seized control in 1896. They despised his support of the gold standard. His intervention in the Pullman Strike of 1894 to keep the railroads open also alienated many unions. He did not contest the 1896 election as William Jennings Bryan was nominated for the Democrat ticket that year on a Silver Platform. Historians today consider him to be a successful leader for his probity and good character. 

Bill Clinton 2,922 days 

Following his inauguration in 1993, Democrat Bill Clinton presided over the largest economic expansion in American history. However, he failed to pass healthcare reform. In the 1994 midterm elections, the Republicans won control of both Houses for the first time in 40 years. In 1996, however, Clinton became the first Democrat since Roosevelt to win two terms in office.

He passed into law the State Children's Health Insurance Program, a partnership between state governments and the federal government to provide health insurance to children. Clinton approved of financial deregulation measures like the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which removed barriers in the market among banking companies.

He was impeached by the House of Representatives following allegations of perjury and obstruction of justice to conceal an affair he had with 22-year-old intern Monica Lewinsky. He was acquitted by the Senate in 1999 and completed his second term.

During the last three years of Clinton's presidency, the Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus, the first since 1969. In foreign policy, Clinton intervened in the Bosnian and Kosovo wars, signed the Iraq Liberation Act and participated in the 2000 Camp David Summit to encourage the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. He assisted the Northern Ireland peace process which led to the signing of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. This created a power-sharing process between unionists and nationalists.

(NEW YORK DAILIES OUT)    Former United States President Bill Clinton attends a game between the Brooklyn Nets and the Milwaukee Bucks at Barclays Center on February 4, 2019 in the...(NEW YORK DAILIES OUT) Former United States President Bill Clinton attends a game between the Brooklyn Nets and the Milwaukee Bucks at Barclays Center on February 4, 2019 in the...

Dwight D. Eisenhower 2,922 days 

The first Republican president since Herbert Hoover (1928-1932), Dwight D. Eisenhower served two terms from 1952-1960. He ended the Korean War of 1950-1953 by threatening China with nuclear weapons, forcing them to agree to peace terms. He provided financial aid to South Vietnam against the Communists following the French withdrawal of 1957. Eisenhower created NASA after the Soviet Union's Sputnik launch in 1957.

On the domestic front, Eisenhower signed the 1957 Civil Rights Act and sent troops to enforce federal court orders that integrated schools in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Barack Obama 2,922 days 

Democrat Barack Obama won two terms in office in 2008 and 2012. He signed into law the Affordable Care Act to expand healthcare coverage, the Dodd-Frank Act to regulate the banking industry and the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act that allowed gays, lesbians and bisexuals to serve in the US military. Obama also increased the number of US troops in Afghanistan, ended military involvement in Iraq and ordered the invasion of Libya which led to the downfall of Colonel Gaddafi. He also oversaw the military operation that led to bin Laden's death.

After defeating Republican Mitt Romney in 2012, Obama was inaugurated in 2013. Same-sex marriage was legalised in 2015 by the Supreme Court during his second term. He ordered military intervention in Iraq following the rise of ISIL and ended combat operations in Afghanistan by 2016. He led discussions that led to the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015 to reduce carbon emissions. Obama enforced sanctions against Russia following their invasion of the Ukraine and interference in the 2016 presidential election. He also normalised relations with Cuba and brokered a nuclear deal with Iran designed to curb their nuclear ambitions.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882 - 1945) the 32nd President of the United States from 1933-45. A Democrat, he led his country through the depression of the 1930's and World War II, and was...

Ronald Reagan 2,922 days 

Ronald Reagan won the general elections of 1980 and 1984 and served as president from 1981-1989 as a Republican. His supply-side economics, dubbed 'Reaganomics', led to tax rate reduction, economic deregulation and a reduction in government spending. He survived an assassination attempt, started the 'War on Drugs' and fought public sector labour. Reagan oversaw a reduction in inflation from 12.5 per cent to 4.4 per cent, and an average GDP growth of 3.4 per cent. He also increased military spending.

In June 1987, after he declared the Soviet Union 'an evil empire', he urged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to 'tear down' the Berlin Wall during a speech outside the Brandenburg Gate

Woodrow Wilson 2,922 days 

A Democrat, Woodrow Wilson served from 1913-1921. During his first term, he passed the Revenue Act of 1913, which lowered tariffs, and implemented a federal income tax. Wilson also raised the top rate of income tax to 77 per cent. The Federal Reserve Act established the Federal Reserve, which continues to maintain America's central banking system to this day.

Upon the outbreak of World War One, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality. But Congress complied with his declaration of war against Germany, after the latter implemented unrestricted submarine warfare. Following Germany's armistice in 1918, Wilson was instrumental in creating a multilateral organisation called the League of Nations. After the signing of the treaties imposed on the defeated Central Powers, he was unable to get them ratified in the Senate and the US could not join the League. He retired from public office in 1921 following a stroke two years before.

Other long-serving presidents include:  

Thomas Jefferson 2,922 days 

James Madison 2,922 days 

James Monroe 2,922 days 

Andrew Jackson 2,922 days 

Ulysses S. Grant 2,922 days 

George Washington 2,865 days 

Harry S. Truman 2,840 days 

Theodore Roosevelt 2,728 days 

Calvin Coolidge 2,041 days 

 

 

 

 

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