Arsenal, Liverpool and Manchester United linked youngsters also feature.
While for England that sort of achievement is suddenly a distant memory, Belgium have the talent coming through the ranks to suggest this is only the start and more lofty heights can be conquered.
By time the next World Cup rolls around in 2018 in Russia, Belgium will be expected to go at least one better.
Even setting aside the exciting Manchester United youngster Adnan Januzaj, who has already made the first team squad, there are plenty who have a real chance of joining him in the squad at the next tournament.
Here are six Belgian players who are good bets to shine in 2018:
Chelsea teenager Musonda is already making a big impact in the Blues set up, a regular in the under-21s. An attacking midfielder, the 17-old scored an impressive goal at Old Trafford in the under-21 final against Manchester United in May. He will likely benefit from learning under senior international Eden Hazard at Chelsea, and by 2018 could even be competing with him for a first team place for club and country.
Bakkali (top) announced himself on the European stage with an impressive hat-trick early in the season for PSV. This saw him linked with Arsenal, Liverpool, and even Real Madrid, but a dip in form has seen his star wane slightly, accused of a lack of focus. There is little denying the 18-year-old winger's talent however, and he will likely compete with Adnan Januzaj for a place. With one international cap already, Bakkali may have been the unlucky one to miss out with the United star's inclusion in the 2014 squad.
Could Vincent Kompany's future defensive partner for Belgium come from within the club itself? There are high hopes around Matthias Bossaerts, a centre-back City signed from Anderlecht in 2012. Now 17, Bossaerts made 13 appearances for the under-21 side last season and could develop rapidly over the next four years. Already a Belgian under-19 international, he has the perfect tutor in Kompany to help him reach the very top.
Anderlecht sensation Youri Tielemans is a certain Belgian international of the future. The 17-year-old midfielder is already a regular for his club, and has attracted interest from Manchester United and Chelsea. Tielemans has an eye for a defence splitting passes and the goal too, and can be a deep lying playmaker to offer Belgium a different option to which Axel Witsel provided in 2014. He is presently part of the Belgium under-21 team and could make an impact on the senior squad as soon as Euro 2016.
David Henen is a striker who spent last season on loan at Monaco B, and has in the past week been linked with a transfer to Arsenal. The Anderlecht star has 14 goals at youth levels for Belgium, and has courted previous interest from Manchester United. He has a tough task to displace Romelu Lukaku, Christian Benteke and Divock Origi, but he is arguably the best striker in the Belgian youth ranks with a chance of making the breakthrough.
The omission of Thorgan Hazard (above) from the World Cup squad this summer surprised many, who had seen his sensational performances back home for Zulte Waregem. The 21-year-old Chelsea prospect won the Golden Ball award for best Jupiler Pro League talent last season, scoring 17 goals and providing 20 assists. He has this week clinched a loan move to Borussia Moenchengladbach in Germany, and beyond that hopes to play alongside his brother Eden for club and country.