How would a United States of Europe compare to other countries?

10% of Brits back a United States of Europe in a new YouGov/Eurotrack poll.

German SPD leader Martin Schulz recently called for the creation of a United States of Europe. In response to this declaration, the most recent Eurotrack poll, which tracks in opinion in seven European countries, found that support for a United States of Europe was weakest in the UK and strongest in France and Germany.

But what would a United States of Europe look like?

If the EU were to go down this route, there are likely three possible outcomes, a lose confederacy containing roughly all current EU members, a stricter federal arrangement with solely Eurozone countries, or an even smaller state made up of only the most committed of EU members.

Population

If the EU were to transform into a super-state, whether with all EU countries or just Euro-users, it would be the third most populous country on the planet.

The EU’s population is 511 million while the Eurozone’s is 341 million, according to Eurostat.

A United States of Europe created from either the EU or the Eurozone would have a larger population than the United States of America, which has about 320 million, but would fall significantly behind India and China, which each have populations of over a billion people.

Economy

Whether one goes by figures from the IMF, the World Bank or the United Nations, the European Union is the second largest economy on the planet (by nominal GDP). Despite a turbulent decade, the union is making progress, suggesting that a United States of Europe would be a considerable economic power.

The only country in the world with a larger GDP is America. Furthermore, if a new super-state was created from Eurozone members only, it would still be the third largest economy in the world, just behind of China.

Territory

The six largest countries by landmass are Russia, Canada, China, the USA, Brazil and Australia. If the EU does form a United States of Europe it would have the seventh largest land area in the world, with its surface covering more than 4 million square kilometres.

According to Trading Economics, the Eurozone’s total land area is just shy of 4.7 million square kilometres. A Eurozone super-state would be the tenth largest country in the world, behind India, Argentina and Kazakhstan.