The Labour leader called for “dialogue and a process” to improve the situation, stressing the importance of recognising the government’s “effective and serious attempts” to reduce poverty, improve literacy and the lives of the poor.
Some Labour MPs have urged Corbyn to personally condemn Maduro, whose regime is accused of locking up opposition leaders and violating human rights. But in addition, the shadow minister Chris Williamson blamed the US for “aiding and abetting” opposition protesters trying to topple the socialist government.
Speaking after an event in Crawley, West Sussex, Corbyn did not single Maduro out for criticism. “I’m very sad at the lives that have been lost in Venezuela,” he sad. “The people who have died – either those on the streets or security forces that have been attacked by people on the street – all of those lives are terrible for the loss of them,” he said.
“There has to be a dialogue and a process that respects the independence of the judiciary and respects the human rights of all.”
Corbyn was a longtime admirer of Venezuela under its late socialist leader Hugo Chávez, whom he described in 2013 as “an inspiration to all of us fighting back against austerity and neoliberal economics in Europe”.
The Labour leader has also previously given his backing to Maduro, who succeeded Chávez. In 2014, he called to congratulate the new president live on a Venezuelan television channel; Maduro introduced Corbyn, then a backbencher, as a “friend of Venezuela”.
Asked whether he condemned Maduro’s actions, Corbyn said: “What I condemn is the violence that’s been done by any side, by all sides, in all this. Violence is not going to solve the issue.
Pressed on whether he regretted supporting Maduro when he was elected, he said: “I gave the support of many people around the world for the principle of a government that was dedicated towards reducing inequality and improving the life chances of the poorest people.”
He said he supported France’s call for peace talks, and said it “should be regionally based to improve the situation there”.
“There has to be respect for the constitution and respect for the independence of the judiciary,” he added.
Earlier, Theresa May’s official spokesman called on Venezuela’s government to release political prisoners and show respect for democracy and human rights, after weeks of violence in the country.
No 10 said Britain had condemned the Maduro government for forcing through a constituent assembly that clearly did not represent the will of the Venezuelan people.
“It is a tragedy that so many people have lost their lives in protests in Venezuela. We’re clear that urgent action must be taken to stop the situation getting worse,” the prime minister’s spokesman said.
“The UK has repeatedly called on the Maduro government to work with the opposition, release political prisoners and show respect for democracy and human rights.”
The EU also stepped up its criticism of Maduro’s government on Monday. Federica Mogherini, the EU foreign policy chief, said the assembly’s actions, and the removal of Luisa Ortega Díaz as attorney general, had “further weakened the prospects for a peaceful return to the democratic order”.
In a statement, she said the executive’s actions had “increased the polarisation of an already divided society”. The EU is calling on Maduro to free all political prisoners and ensure the respect of human rights and the rule of law.
The situation in Venezuela has worsened since the government was granted sweeping powers to overhaul the country’s political system in a disputed recent poll that was boycotted by the opposition.
Security agents seized two opposition leaders from their homes after they called for protests against the vote. Widespread protests against the government of the oil-producing South American country have been going since April amid spiralling prices for food and medicine because of low oil prices, with more than 120 people killed in the unrest.
The Labour leader had been on holiday and spent Monday morning visiting a GP surgery in Southall, west London. At that point he told reporters he would comment on Venezuela later in the day.
This article was written by Rowena Mason Deputy political editor, for theguardian.com on Monday 7th August 2017 16.11 Europe/Londonguardian.co.uk © Guardian News and Media Limited 2010