Stars from Arsenal, Tottenham Hotspur, Liverpool, Newcastle United and Manchester United are among those selected.
Hodgson elected to delay his announcement from last Thursday until Monday as he assessed his options over the final weekend of Premier League fixtures.
The Three Lions boss has named a 26-man squad, with three of those players set to be cut before the final squad is announced.
There were few surprises in the selection, as Hodgson elected for a group made up primarily of Tottenham Hotspur and Liverpool stars, as they both saw no fewer than five of their men included.
Arsenal midfielder Jack Wilshere has earned a selection, as well as Liverpool captain Jordan Henderson, despite both fighting to be fully fit.
The biggest shock was from Manchester, as Marcus Rashford was named in the group alongside Fabian Delph. Andros Townsend also makes it in ahead of Theo Walcott.
Hodgson will now look over that group during the next two weeks before naming his final squad for the tournament, with the UEFA deadline set on May 31.
He will have two friendly fixtures to do that in, as England take on Turkey and Australia before his final list has to be named.
The full England squad is as follows:
Goalkeepers: Fraser Forster, Joe Hart & Tom Heaton
Defenders: Ryan Bertrand, Gary Cahill, Nathaniel Clyne, Danny Rose, Chris Smalling, John Stones, Kyle Walker
Midfielders: Dele Alli, Ross Barkley, Fabian Delph, Eric Dier, Danny Drinkwater, Jordan Henderson, Adam Lallana, James Milner, Raheem Sterling, Andros Townsend, Jack Wilshere.
Forwards: Harry Kane, Marcus Rashford, Wayne Rooney, Daniel Sturridge, Jamie Vardy.