The Arsenal midfielder has been absent for the majority of this season as he has battled back from his latest long-term injury.
He is back fit now and looking to prove his fitness to England manager Roy Hodgson ahead of Euro 2016 in France this summer.
The Three Lions boss seems keen to take the midfielder, but he will be wary of his lack of playing time meaning he will not be effective in the tournament.
And for Keown, he says that the decision should be made on the basis of if it is a risk to his long-term footballing future.
“You have to look at it, he hasn’t played too much football this season,” London 24 reports him as saying.
“If, in any way, his long-term football career is in jeopardy then he shouldn’t be going. He owes that to Arsenal Football Club.”
There is no denying that England’s midfield would benefit from the presence of Wilshere.
Of the current crop, he is arguably the only one who is confident taking the game to the opposition, something the likes of Jordan Henderson and Eric Dier do not offer.
The problem is his injury record, with Hodgson likely to be wondering if it is worth risking a place on a man who may not be fully fit.