It is almost 12 months since the 26-year-old last featured for his country, but the former Aston Villa man's impressive form at Hillsborough this season has led to a recall for the friendly against Czech Republic later this month.
Bannan has been a stand-out player for the Owls in his debut season in Sheffield, making 32 appearances in all competitions and becoming a fan favourite for his passionate, industrious performances.
The diminutive midfielder has won 20 caps for his country and admitted he was delighted to have been given the chance to increase that total.
He told swfc.co.uk: "It’s brilliant and of course I’m delighted to be called up again. It’s any young Scottish boy’s dream to play for their country and to be able to do that 20 times already, it’s great to be involved again.
"I have to thank Sheffield Wednesday for their part in giving me the platform to show what I can do. I think the main thing for me has been consistency and playing week in week out.
"The head coach and chairman have shown a lot of faith in me and after not playing as much as I wanted to before coming here, I’m now as confident as ever."
Bannan made his senior international debut for Scotland at the age of 20 following an impressive season on loan at Blackpool whilst an Aston Villa player.
Meanwhile, his performances in his debut season for Wednesday after signing a one-year contract last summer have been so impressive that he was awarded a new three-and-a-half-year deal in January.