Alli and Dier both featured for England against Spain in a friendly on Friday night, and they could have a part to play against France tomorrow.
However, Murphy feels that the Spurs duo are short of the quality required to play for the Three Lions at this stage - and he has suggested that Manchester United youngster Jesse Lingard’s call-up was also undeserved.
"I'd played a full season in Liverpool's first-team, scored double figures and won trophies before I even got an England call-up," Murphy said to TalkSPORT.
"I'm not suggesting everyone has to do that of course, that is ridiculous, but a lot more water needed to go under the bridge before you got a cap.
"Lingard, Alli, Dier, they are talented lads and they could go on to be internationals, but they are nowhere near ready.
"If you think about a full-strength Spanish team, a full-strength German team and coming up against them, they have got no chance."
Dier and Alli’s call-ups to England’s senior side have come as a result of their excellent form throughout the campaign so far.
The two youngsters have been key components in Tottenham’s team, sitting just in-front of the London side’s defence and proving to be an effective shield.
Dier and Alli have helped Spurs go unbeaten through their last 11 Premier League matches, and they have been two of the standout players in England’s top-tier so far.
Roy Hodgson felt that the Spurs duo’s form was too good to ignore, but Murphy clearly feels that the inexperienced pair would have benefitted with staying in the under-21 side for a little longer.