The Liverpool boss has also been discussing the advice he offered to a man following in the footsteps of a legend as Reds skipper.
Rodgers was forced to choose a new skipper for the upcoming campaign and beyond after Steven Gerrard elected to join La Galaxy in MLS at the end of his Liverpool contract.
It was long rumoured that Henderson would be the man to inherit the armband this summer, having acted as Gerrard’s deputy last season, and Rodgers has revealed why he decided to hand the former Sunderland man the role on a full-time basis.
“I wanted to look at someone who would be a great ambassador on and off the field,” he told liverpoolfc.com.
“It was going to take somebody who is going to be strong-willed and has a strong mentality, but is also a wonderful role model. Once I saw him [Henderson] grow and develop as the vice-captain then I felt pretty sure that this would be the season he could be the captain.”
No following Steven Gerrard methods
Being named captain caps a remarkable turnaround for Henderson, who looked to be on his way out of the club when Rodgers first took over but has since fought his way back to become a key player in the Reds midfield.
With Gerrard having been captain at the club for so long, though, it would be easy for Henderson to feel overwhelmed by his new role and the expectancy and pressure that comes with it.
It would be just as easy for him to copy Gerrard's leadership methods and style, given how successful he was in the role, but Rodgers says he has told Henderson to do things his own way, and expects the 25-year-old to 'blossom' with the captaincy.
“I said to him when I told him he would eventually be the captain – 'have your own ideas, have your own ways of doing it and do it your way’,” he added.
"He has taken to the role very well. He’s an outstanding player and I think you’ll see him really blossom with that captaincy. He’s had a perfect role model in Stevie, and he’ll have picked up a lot from him.”