Henderson was named as Gerrard’s successor in the role on Friday morning - announced on the club's official website - having played the role of vice-captain last season.
It will now be his job to lead a relatively young side into a new era, with them having a new captain for the first time in 12 years following Gerrard’s move to LA Galaxy. And the former England captain says there is nobody more fitting to replace him.
"I don’t think there’s a more fitting player to take that armband off me," he told BBC Sport.
"Jordan’s so professional, he’s a winner, he’s a great lad, he’s been loyal to the club by signing a new deal and I wish him well. I see a lot of my game in Jordan’s game."
Gerrard predicts a wonderful career for Henderson
Being named Liverpool captain shows the remarkable turnaround Henderson has had at Anfield, given he looked destined to be an expensive failure at one point.
He had initially struggled to perform following his big-money move from Sunderland under Kenny Daglish and initially failed to impress Brendan Rodgers when he took charge.
He has proved the critics wrong, however, Rodgers chief among them, by fighting hard to prove his place in the Liverpool side is a deserved one, and now stands as one of the first names of the team sheet each week.
He plays a similar role for England, and Gerrard says he sees the former Sunderland midfielder going on to have a wonderful career both domestically and internationally.
"I can see him having a wonderful career at Liverpool and for England as well," added Gerrard.
"What I like about him is he’s very humble, he’s a Sunderland boy with a great family and a great set up around him, people who are giving him the right advice. I’d love nothing better than while I’m over here to see him lift a trophy."