Henderson had another impressive season at Liverpool, where, despite their temperamental form on the pitch, the England international was the midfield engine.
The former Sunderland man was an essential part of the club's superb midseason spell, and Henderson was often a more than capable vice captain to Gerrard, with the Liverpool local missing several chunks of the season with injury and suspension.
"I feel I'm getting a bit older now," he said to Goal. "A bit more mature and of course I want to take more responsibility for the team.
The 25-year-old's stats proved his growing importance for Brendan Rodgers' side, as he scored 7 times for the Reds across the campaign, and notched a superb 15 assists, seemingly moving his game more towards the creative midfielder that 35-year-old Gerrard has been for so long at Anfield.
That represented a significant improvement on the season before, when despite Liverpool scoring plenty more goals and finishing in second place, Henderson only scored 5 times and assisted 7.
And Henderson said that although he has developed his leadership skills having worked so closely with Gerrard, whoever his manager picks to wear the captain's armband next season, the influence of Gerrard will be present.
"When I've been vice-captain I've just tried to do my best for the team as I always have and to learn as much as I can from Stevie, like I have from when I first came to the club," Henderson added. "But we've got a lot of captains and a lot of leaders in the dressing room so I'm sure whoever he [Rodgers] picks, the lads will be right behind him.
"I've think I've learned a lot from Steven. I have from when I first came to the club, he's been a huge role model and leader to all of us. All of us have learned a lot from him; just being with him every day, training with him every day, you learn a lot from him."