Carruthers was sold to the Dons by Aston Villa last summer, and it seemed that his career was destined to be spent in the lower divisions.
However, Robinson says that the 22-year-old has the ability to make it in the top-flight, suggesting that Villa may have made an error by allowing him to leave.
"He's one that you don't see a lot of early on but if you persevere with him and give him the belief and believe in him and give him the love that he needs, the performances will come," he said.
"He's a top player and I believe one day he will play in the Premier League. He has that ability to drop his shoulder and explode away from someone."
Carruthers only made three appearances for Villa's senior side during his time at the club and was deemed surplus to requirements as a result by former boss Paul Lambert.
Lambert had a poor record of bringing through youngsters at Villa and the Scot's judgement may have been questionable on Carruthers.
It may not be the only time that Villa have made such a mistake either, as Daniel Johnson, who they sold to Preston North End in January, has been a revelation at Deepdale.