The Reds midfielder is honoured by the accolade.
The Reds midfielder, who has become known for his boundless energy in the middle of the park, was named Steven Gerrard's deputy, with the potential of him becoming club captain once the 34-year-old retires.
And Henderson says he is honoured to have been given the extra responsibility, while also revealing that boss Brendan Rodgers has told him not to change his style of play.
"It's a great honour to be given the extra responsibility by the gaffer. He said not to change anything, to keep doing what I've been doing," Henderson told Liverpool's official website.
"He feels that I've been doing well and leading the group well at times. Hopefully I can continue to do that and it will not change me in any way."
The 24-year-old also admits he need not look any further than current skipper Gerrard for inspiration.
"All I can do is look to support Stevie wherever I can, because he has not only been one of the best leaders for Liverpool and England but in the game itself," he added.
"Like I always have, I'll look to learn from him as best I can. There's no better man than him to do that."