The 19-year-old star established himself as a key member of the Reds squad last season as they narrowly missed out on their first league title for 24 years, eventually finishing runners-up to Manchester City, with an attractive brand of play that saw them plunder 101 goals.
Sterling scored nine times as Rodgers' side finished two points behind the champions, and the teenager, who opened his account in their 2-1 win over Southampton on the opening weekend, will be one of the side's key players this term.
Speaking to American broadcasters NBC in an interview that was shown on the club's official TV station on Monday, the versatile England international explained his manager's vision for the five-time European Cup winners.
He said: “The manager, his philosophy and his style of play have made us all understand, not just from the first team, but through the youth system too. Everyone is playing the same way and when they come in, they’re at the same level as us, so he’s really set that because that’s what he wants."
“I scored nine goals [last season] and the season before I scored two, so definitely that was a great season for me. I got older and mature and being out the team I knew I had to be on the scoresheet quite regularly if I’m to stay in the team, so that’s something I’m working and improving on that and it’ll benefit me and the team."
Sterling also admitted that the loss of Luis Suarez to Barcelona will have a big impact on the team, but he backed the club's new arrivals to thrive in the absence of last season's 31-goal top scorer.
“He literally assisted me for most of my goals, so when he got it around the box, you knew to get in there because he was going to create stuff," he added. "Obviously he’s a world-class player, and you want to play with those players so you can learn from them."
"He’s no different, he’s one of the best players in the world at this point, so I definitely enjoyed working with him. I learned a lot from him, but the manager has brought players in that will help the team and fill the gap that he’s left."
Finally, the youngster explained the support that his family have provided since he moved to Merseyside from his London home as a 15-year-old.
“At first I left my family behind and then about six months later or something they came up [to Liverpool] and we moved back in together," said Sterling. "My mum and my family have been really supportive, even when I first got here when I was 15, they supported me and we were communicating every day, and obviously now I’m at age where I think I can live on my own, but my mum isn’t having that, but yes, she’s been really supportive."
“As a 15-year-old coming in, it’s nerve-wracking, but it’s exciting seeing all these world-class players but then you’ve got to realise that at some point you’re going to be one of the older ones in the group, so you just have to settle as quickly as you can and that’s the best way really. For me, I’m just pleased to be on the learning curve and trying to improve."
Sterling was part of the Liverpool side that lost to Manchester City 3-1 at the Etihad on Monday evening.
Stevan Jovetic scored twice before substitute Sergio Aguero added a third almost as soon as he was introduced, while Pablo Zabaleta netted a late own goal under pressure from Rickie Lambert.