The 21-year-old from Surakarta has prior experience in F1 machinery having run for Marussia in 2012, as well as in 2010 when the team was known as Virgin Racing. Haryanto will join Britain's Will Stevens at the two-day test.
“I can’t wait to be back in an F1 car and I’m delighted it’s with Caterham F1 Team,” said Haryanto, who currently competes for Caterham's GP2 outfit.
“The last time I drove an F1 car was at the young driver test at Silverstone in 2012 and with the new engine regulations this year I’m sure it’ll be a very different experience.
“The goal for me is to use this day as another learning experience, another chance to build on the F1 laps I’ve already done, and while my focus before the test is obviously to do the best job I can in GP2, I will be 100% ready to work to the plan the team set and help them develop as best I can."
Haryanto's test comes against a backdrop of significant uncertainty at Caterham, whose owner Tony Fernandes is thought likely to complete the sale of the team this week. Reports suggest that a Swiss-Middle Eastern consortium is be behind the proposed takeover.