The two teams have faced each other a total of 68 times. Brazil have won 48 of those clashes, with Chile coming out triumphant in just seven - there have been 13 draws.
Chile’s last win against Brazil came back in 2000, and they have never defeated the 'Samba Boys' at the World Cup. They had the chance to do so in South Africa four years ago, but they failed to take it.
Brazil were one of the early favorites for the 2010 World Cup and tactically they were very versatile. Meanwhile, Chile arrived in South Africa with a reputation of an 'entertaining team' who had scored 32 goals in 18 qualifying matches.
While Brazil won Group G with seven points from three matches, their South American rivals came second in Group H with six. The Selecao headed into the last-16 clash without Felipe Melo and Elano, while Chile were missing the suspended Gary Medel and Waldo Ponce - their first-choice center-backs.
Chile started the match admirably well, clearly dominating the proceedings for the first 20 minutes. Their pressing was forcing Brazil into harried clearances and poor long balls to Luis Fabiano.
Brazil did have a few good chances early on. Thiago Silva had a wonderful long-ranger denied by Claudio Bravo, and a minute later, Kaka came close but his shot went just wide.
Nonetheless, Brazil opened the scoring after Juan used two of his teammates as a 'shield' to make a free jump in the 34th minute. It was somewhat against the run of play but gave Brazil the momentum.
Four minutes later, Fabiano doubled his side’s lead. Robinho crossed in from the left for Kaka, whose first-time pass to Fabiano put him through on goal. The then-Sevilla striker dribbled past the goalkeeper before slotting home.
Then-Chile coach Marcelo Biesla made two attacking changes at half time, but his team failed to get a goal back.
Brazil had settled well and scored the third goal 14 minutes after the interval. Ramires made a promising 40-yard run towards the opposing territory through the heart of Chile’s defence. As he reached the 18-yard box, Ramires slid the ball to Robinho, who produced a fantastic first-time curler to make it 3-0.
Chile came close twice after Robinho’s goal but they failed to convert their chances, as Brazil progressed to the quarter-finals where they were defeated by the Netherlands.