Tonight's crucial meeting between the European rivals in Group D will be their 25th match against each other, but what happened in the last meeting?
However, this is not the most recent meeting as the pair played each other just a couple of months after the tournament in a friendly in Switzerland.
England won 2-1 and manager Roy Hodgson will hope to get the better of his counterpart Cesar Prandelli once again in Manaus tonight.
Daniele De Rossi opened the scoring, but Phil Jagielka struck his first England goal to level things up (he will partner Gary Cahill at the back tonight).
Jermain Defoe then completed the turnaround, coming off the bench to fire England in front, with Hodgson's men holding on to get some kind of revenge for their Euro 2012 defeat.
The starting lineups will be very different tonight, as only four players from the team that started in Switzerland have made the England squad for Brazil.
The Italians have also only taken four players who started that encounter to this summer's tournament, but England will hope to see a similar outcome against an ageing Azzurri side.
This will be just the second meeting between the pair in a World Cup after Italy won 2-1 in a third-place playoff match on home soil in 1990.
Italy dominated England at the European Championship two years ago and Andrea Pirlo was at the heart of everything that day, as the Three Lions only saw 25% of the possession.
It should be a closer affair this time. Although the Italians will still look to dominate possession, England have a younger team that can hurt them with pace on the wings.
History suggests that it will be a tight affair - there have not been more than three goals between the sides in the past 14 matches.