Bank England Governor Mark Carney said the central bank was ready to act if the U.K.'s fledgling recovery failed to materialize, and recommended limiting how much homeowners could borrow should the housing market overheat.
Speaking at the Treasury Select Committee on Thursday, the Canadian defended his " forward guidance " policy, and said the Bank could increase monetary stimulus if the pickup in business confidence and employment faltered.
"If recovery were to falter, if additional stimulus were to be required, we would consider whether to provide additional stimulus," he said.
"Our job is to make sure that (the recovery is) not another false dawn that we saw a few years earlier, and to make sure that as soon as possible, this economy reaches a form of sustained velocity so that it can sustain higher interest rates and continue to grow," he added.
Regarding the U.K.'s bubbling housing market, Carney said that lenders could raise capital requirements for mortgage lending to prevent overheating, as well as limit prospective house buyers' borrowing in line with their income.
A number of recent housing indexes have suggested that prices are approaching pre-crisis highs, with London showing a particular resurgence. Nationwide confirmed in August that an average home was now worth £170,825 ($260,098), the highest since June 2008 when the average was £172,415.
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Carney acknowledged the sudden rise in prices after the government launched measures to stimulate demand, and said the Bank might look at more intensive supervision of the mortgage lending market.
"We do need to be vigilant," he told policymakers.
'QE remains an option'
Market reaction to Carney's words was fairly muted. Interest rates actually fell lower during Carney's speech, while sterling rose to 1.588 against the dollar before falling back to $1.579.
Brenda Kelly, a market strategist at IG, said the lack of reaction was because U.K. asset prices had already made large moves on Wednesday in response to fresh jobs data. Official statistics showed that unemployment was moving closer to the Bank's 7 percent threshold for raising interest rates. Unemployment fell to 7.7 percent in the three months through July.
Traders said that the market remained, on the whole, unconvinced by the Bank's "forward guidance". The central bank forecasts that rates could stay low beyond late-2016, but the City of London looks to be pricing in a rates hike around late-2015.
"The general tone of the testimonies will have had little to dilute market expectations that the Bank of England will start to raise interest rates early in 2015, or even late-2014," Howard Archer, an economist at IHS Global Insight, said in research note.
Ishaq Siddiqi, a market strategist at ETX Capital, noted that quantitative easing remained an option. "Perhaps it will not be used unless the spike in UK 10-year gilts pose a threat to the recovery," he said in a research note.
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