1. 1569 - The first National lottery is held in the UK under a proclamation from Queen Elizabeth. 400,000 tickets were sold for a shilling each with the top prize valued at £5000, payable as £3000 cash, £700 in plate and the remainder in 'good tapestry and certain sorts of good linen'.
2. 1928 - English poet and novelist Thomas Hardy dies
3. 1928 - Leon Trotsky, a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and early architect of the Soviet state, is exiled by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to Alma-Ata, in a remote part of Soviet Central Asia
4. 1935 - Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California
5. 1943 - China and the United States sign a treaty that ends extraterritorial rights in China
6. 1962 - At least 2,000 people are feared dead after a huge avalanche in the Peruvian Andes engulfs nine villages
7. 1964 - Ring of Fire by Johnny Cash becomes the first country album to top the U.S. pop album chart
8. 1980 - Nigel Short, 14, from Bolton in Britain, becomes the youngest International Master in the history of chess
9. 1999 - Rappers Sean 'Puffy' Combs and Dwight 'Heavy D' Myers, along with the City University of New York (CUNY), are found negligent in a 1991 celebrity basketball game that killed nine people and injured dozens
10. 2002 - The first al-Qaeda prisoners arrive at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
11. 2007 - JK Rowling completes the 7th novel in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.
Source: BBC, Wikipedia, historyorb.com, infoplease.com, history.co.uk, brainyhistory.com, on-this-day.com